This article presents a brief analysis of the criminal law of Austria. Specifically, it looks into the incrimination of electoral fraud and other electoral offences such as preventing the exercise of electoral rights, vote-rigging, violation of the confidentiality of the vote and other. The researched topic is up-to-date because of the necessity to strengthen the democratic processes, especially those relating to the election process. Offences committed in the electoral field summon immediate attainment impact of representative democracy within a state. Therefore, the more developed the legal framework in the field of offences in the electoral area is - the more protected the rule of law of the country is considered to be. This issue can be addressed from several points of view: analysis of the crimes provided by the Austrian criminal law and the penalties for committing them. However, to produce a complete examination, a comparison with the German Criminal law will be drawn.